A 27-year-old man from Lidcombe has been charged with trafficking his wife and two-month-old daughter from Sydney to India.
He was charged by the Australian Federal Police and will face Downing Centre Local Court on Tuesday.
The AFP team says it received a tip-off from an anti-slavery group in Sydney in May.
It is alleged that the man used coercion, threats and deception to force his Indian-born wife and Australian-born child overseas.
It is also alleged that the man provided the Immigration Department misleading and false information regarding his wife's visa application.
The penalty for the charge of one count of trafficking persons from Australia carries a 12 year sentence.
He is also understood to be facing a general dishonesty charge and forge documents charge.