New data has shown that cervical cancer could be eradicated as soon as within the next four decades within Australia.
Infection rates have dropped from 24 per cent to just one per cent in women aged up to 24.
This is due to the roll-out of immunisations for boys and girls nationally, in a program which began in 2007.
It is expected that the number of cases each year will drop from 1,000 to just a few, according to Centre for Women's Infection Diseases at the Royal Women's Hospital director Professor Suzanne Garland.
"That's contingent on a high coverage of vaccine. Australia is really in the lead here, [there's been] really good coverage through the school-based free vaccine program," she said.
"For example, the genital warts the vaccine protects against, already we've seen a reduction of over 90 per cent — that's huge."
Cervical cancer is caused by HPV infection. While eight in 10 women are diagnosed with a HPV infection, most cases do not develop into cancer.