The AMA says the Victorian oppositions promise to make the contraceptive pill available over the counter if it wins the election could be harmful to women.
Victorian women would become the first in the country to have access to the pill without an ongoing prescription under the coalition's plan.
"Women are completely capable of being in charge of their own contraception and this policy puts more control in their hands," health spokeswoman Mary Wooldridge said on Sunday.
Under the plan, women would still need to visit their GP first so a doctor could check health and family history checks to identify pre-existing risks and get an initial prescription.
However AMA Council of General Practice member Dr Ines Rio says the proposal was the "wrong thing to do".
“The reality is that when someone comes for an oral contraceptive pill they actually get a script for four months and two repeats, so it’s actually a year that they get. But that opportunity seeing that person there, enables a whole lot of issues to be dealt with.”
She said doctors appointments gave doctors the opportunity to have conversations about sexual health, STIs and their relationships.