A $7,700 fine has been issued to the City of Greater Bendigo by the Environment Protection Authority for breaches at Eaglehawk Landfill.
At least 30 cm of soil needs to cover waste to prevent litter blowing away in the wind.
The breach stems from a visit by EPA officers in December which revealed extensive areas of exposed rubbish.
The EPA says Council's improved its daily waste monitoring since then.
EPA North West Manager Scott Pigdon said “This breach was avoidable; Bendigo Council is well aware of its licence conditions, and in this case correct management and monitoring of exposed litter would have avoided the fine for failing to cover exposed waste.”